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Tertiary, Quaternary and Quinary Activities of Mankind

Tertiary, Quaternary and Quinary Activities of Mankind

In the entire world, liberalization and privatization have increased the size and role of industrial sector. However, it is the government that gives employment to maximum people, because it provides several types of public services in general such as defense, education, health, cleanliness, welfare, public transport and judiciary system. Due to quinary activities, new industries are being established, trends of social organizations are changing, new political equations are formed and new research is being done in transport, telecommunication and space. Modern technology has become widespread. New options are now available to improve quality of human resource. Most of manufacturing patterns are undergoing a change and directions of thinking are also undergoing a radical change.
 as health and welfare, education, entertainment, commercial services, transport, etc. are related to services. Commercial services increase a company's productivity and capacity. Due to quinary activities, new industries are being established, trends of social organizations are changing, new political equations are formed and new research is being done in transport, telecommunication and space. Modern technology has become widespread. New options are now available to improve quality of human resource. Most of manufacturing patterns are undergoing a change and directions of thinking are also undergoing a radical change.
 Demand of personnel who possess skill, experience and knowledge of service sectors is increasing in the world market. Highly paid jobs are in one or another way related to process of information storage and dissemination. In most of the countries of the world, initially primary activities develop, which are gradually followed by secondary activities and then tertiary, quaternary and quinary activities. 

Major types of services in tertiary activities 

Trade services : In trade there is activity of purchase and sale. Here the aim of service is for economic gain. Trade services are provided by rural and urban market centres. Here, retail and wholesale trade is done. Services related to cosmetics and repair are provided. Transport services : Transport services enable raw materials and finished goods to be sent from one place to another place. Railways followed by road transport provide the best services. Besides, internal, international airways and waterways also provide to and fro services. Both of them have proved very important in international trade.

Communication services : Due to quinary activities, new industries are being established, trends of social organizations are changing, new political equations are formed and new research is being done in transport, telecommunication and space. Modern technology has become widespread. New options are now available to improve quality of human resource. Most of manufacturing patterns are undergoing a change and directions of thinking are also undergoing a radical change. Newspapers convey world news to their readers. Internet has revolutionized communication services.

Entertainment services : Films, TV, drama, 'bhavai, bahurupi', literature, music, etc., provide entertainment to people. Entertainment services remove stress and enhance a person's working capacity. Entertainment services provide happiness. Presently, travel, tourism, TV and internet have become major means of entertainment.

Commercial services : Due to quinary activities, new industries are being established, trends of social organizations are changing, new political equations are formed and new research is being done in transport, telecommunication and space. Modern technology has become widespread. New options are now available to improve quality of human resource. Most of manufacturing patterns are undergoing a change and directions of thinking are also undergoing a radical change. their own extensive network. Information, quality and characteristics of finished product can be easily conveyed to the consumer through advertising.

Health and Education services : Local self government institutes, state governments and central government provide various services for public welfare. By providing extensive services in the fields of transport, communications, trade, Due to quinary activities, new industries are being established, trends of social organizations are changing, new political equations are formed and new research is being done in transport, telecommunication and space. Modern technology has become widespread. New options are now available to improve quality of human resource. Most of manufacturing patterns are undergoing a change and directions of thinking are also undergoing a radical change. through dispensaries, health centres and hospitals.

Social welfare services : Women's organizations, caste organizations, youth organizations, various party organizations also provide services in social and economic fields to people. Social activities such as child health, women empowerment and other motivational activities and compaigns like 'save the girl child', 'save water', 'protect environment' etc. bring social awareness and include a new spirit among the people.  Such social organizations provide services for social welfare.

Services for financial savings : Banks in public, private and co-operative sectors, keep financial savings of people and provide economic benefits to them. Banks aid the trade and industry sectors through maintaining financial transactions. Insurance institutes provide insurance cover to a person's life and property. Post offices of a country also help people to raise their savings.

  • Quaternary Activities 


In Quaternary Activities, man's special type of services are included. Word 'Quaternary' relates to the high intellectual professions. Its purpose is to provide new thoughts in the form of deep thinking, research and development. Few people in the world are associated with Quaternary Activities. Such people are more in developed countries. A characteristic of persons associated with such activities is that they are always mobile in search of higher salaries and better placements. Highly paid jobs are in one or another way associated with process of information storage and dissemination. The working capacity of such persons has been highly enhanced with computer and internet. With a revolution in Information Technology sector, knowledge based industries, services related to information and research services have developed in special fields. 

  • Information Technology 


The term 'Information Technology' applies to those means that aid in the composing, processing and storing and dissemination of information on a large scale. Its rapid development is due to telecommunication satellites. Due to quinary activities, new industries are being established, trends of social organizations are changing, new political equations are formed and new research is being done in transport, telecommunication and space. Modern technology has become widespread. New options are now available to improve quality of human resource. Most of manufacturing patterns are undergoing a change and directions of thinking are also undergoing a radical change.


        Due to quinary activities, new industries are being established, trends of social organizations are changing, new political equations are formed and new research is being done in transport, telecommunication and space. Modern technology has become widespread. New options are now available to improve quality of human resource. Most of manufacturing patterns are undergoing a change and directions of thinking are also undergoing a radical change.

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